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The Scan was proposed within an expansive framework of activities that defined a new and robust paradigm for how Antarctic science and policy could work more effectively to benefit society:


The SCAR 2011-2016 Strategic Plan called for instituting a "Horizon Scanning" activity to support SCAR's vision of leadership and international cooperation in Antarctic and Southern Ocean science and assist in achieving its mission of excellence in science and scientific advice to policy makers. From SCAR's Strategic Plan:

"To sustain a position of leadership, SCAR must maintain a continually evolving vision of frontiers and emerging directions in Antarctic and Southern Ocean science. To this end, SCAR will sponsor a regular assessment of scientific frontiers. The objective will be to assemble the world's leading experts to scan the horizons for emerging frontiers in Antarctic and Southern Ocean science and identify gaps in knowledge. This gathering will draw on data and information from SCAR conferences, symposia, workshops, meetings and other scientific gatherings; the outcomes of SCAR's Action, Expert and Programme Planning Groups; National Antarctic Programme planning and strategic documents; outcomes of SCAR's Scientific Research Programmes; and reports of SCAR's Cross-linkages Meetings. The assessment will produce a … of future directions and grand challenges in Antarctic science. These assessments will inform SCAR leadership and members as it evaluates its scientific portfolio, concludes programmes and approves new ones."
- SCAR Strategic Plan 2011-2016, ' pdf Antarctic Science and Policy Advice in a Changing World (1.59 MB) '

While this was the 1st SCAR Antarctic and Southern Ocean Science Horizon Scan, it is envisioned that every four or five years this view of the future will be revised and updated, based on the latest scientific and global developments. Each Scan begins with assumptions and the current state-of–knowledge, and it is reasonable to expect in these times of rapid change that these underpinnings may substantively change over a time period of four to five years. Regular, and sustained, forward thinking allows for course corrections and recognition of newly emerging trends that are critical to shorter timeframe strategic planning efforts.


Within this framework of science and policy advice, the Scan forms the first element and will provide a community-based vision of the direction of Antarctic and Southern Ocean science in the next two decades. The Scan will not attempt to directly address policy makers' issues but policy makers will be included as Scan participants, and Scan outputs will benefit the other activities.

The second element, the Antarctic Conservation Strategy, is a community-driven effort led by Professor Steven Chown (Australia, Inaugural Muse Prize Awardee) that is addressing the need to better inform and communicate, with and to policy- and decision-makers, the scientific principles that underpin the most critical environmental issues facing Antarctica and the Southern Ocean in the next ten to twenty years. The Antarctic Conservation Strategy will consider the utility of the science identified by the Scan in respect to the knowledge needed for conservation and environmental stewardship efforts. As a feedback, the Antarctic Conservation Strategy will inform the Scan of unmet, critical science needs and/or gaps in knowledge from a "science advice to policy-makers" perspective.

The third element, the Antarctic Environments Portal, is envisioned as a "one-stop shopping" location that provides access to policy-ready scientific outputs. The Portal development is being led by New Zealand and is sponsored by SCAR. Facilitating access to the latest and best scientific findings and knowledge is a critical need of the policy community. The outcomes of the Scan and the Antarctic Conservation Strategy will directly support the objectives and information needs of the Portal.

pdf Chown, S.L., et al, 2012, Challenges to the Future Conservation of the Antarctic, Science, 337, 158-159 (251 KB)

The XXXII SCAR Delegates Meeting (July 2012) agreed to form an Action Group to begin planning for an Antarctic and Southern Ocean Science Horizon Scan (referred to as the "Scan"). The Action Group's Terms of Reference and membership was agreed and the first meeting of the group was held at the SCAR Secretariat in Cambridge, UK from December 19-21, 2012.

The meeting format included opportunities for community consultation by on-line questionnaire, personal appearances, and electronic discussions via Skype. There were 49 responses originating in 22 countries to an on-line questionnaire on various aspects of Scan planning. The Action Group developed a framework for the Scan including: the steps necessary for the Scan to be successful, the intended audiences, the objectives, and the wished for outcomes. The group identified a range of possible processes and mechanisms to ensure broad and inclusive participation to be implemented before, during, and after the Scan. A list of important foundational resources was assembled to support the Scan's deliberations. A survey of National Antarctic Programme strategic planning documents was seen as an important first step to ensuring that the Scan was in-sync with the plans of those that fund and support Antarctic research. A budget for the activity was estimated and a strategy to raise funds agreed.

Another discussion topic was how to assemble a list of potential invitees to the Scan. It was agreed that a broad-based call for community nominations for Scan invitees would be effective and encourage wide participation in the Scan. The development of a list of compelling scientific questions will also be initiated with a broad and inclusive call to the community to pose questions. The Action Group used its discussions and community consultations to propose a detailed blueprint for the "1st SCAR Antarctic and Southern Ocean Science Horizon Scan".


The 1st SCAR Antarctic and Southern Ocean Science Horizon Scan assembled the world's leading Antarctic scientists, policy makers, leaders, and visionaries to identify the most important scientific questions that will or should be addressed by research in and from the southern Polar Regions over the next two decades. The proven method of "Horizon Scanning" was applied to develop a community view of the most important scientific questions in Antarctic and Southern Ocean science.

The Scan outcomes assist in aligning international programmes, projects and resources to effectively facilitate Antarctic and Southern Ocean science in the coming years. The Scan process of bringing the global Antarctic science and policy community together to plan for the future also serves as an unprecedented opportunity to enhance existing partnerships, forge new relationships, mentor early career scientists and students, and communicate the importance of Antarctic and Southern Ocean science to the public and policy/decision makers.

Audiences and Beneficiaries

The first primary audience of the Scan is the international Antarctic and Southern Ocean scientific community. As the leading, international Antarctic scientific organization, SCAR is a surrogate for this community and will be a major audience for and user of Scan outputs and products. The outcomes of the Scan will support SCAR and community strategic planning efforts by providing a collective vision of future directions in Antarctic and Southern Ocean science. This vision will allow for the alignment of programmes, projects and resources with emerging scientific questions and themes. As an example, the timeframe of the current SCAR strategic plan is 2011-2016. The timing of the Scan is such that the outcomes will be available in late 2014/early 2015 for use in the next SCAR strategic planning cycle. The outcomes of the Scan will be useful to individual scientists and groups of scientists by providing a framework that assists in justifying why their science is important, documenting community concurrence on the most important future directions, identifying critical gaps in knowledge, and highlighting opportunities for partnerships and synergies across scientific disciplines and research themes.

The second primary Scan audience is those that fund and support Antarctic and Southern Ocean science, including National Antarctic Programmes and national science funding organizations. In economically challenging times, coordination across the international community will be critical for optimizing return on investments, creating synergies and partnerships, and identifying opportunities for sharing and leveraging of resources amongst Antarctic nations. A clear vision of the future will assist in ensuring that long–term investments in logistics and infrastructure are positioned to support the science and technological needs of emerging research foci. Antarctic and Southern Ocean science is but one of many scientific communities and other sectors competing for limited national resources. A unified and well thought-out vision for the future will be essential in convincing funders, faced with difficult choices, that Antarctic science is not only a wise but essential investment. This is especially important for Antarctic and Southern Ocean science given the cost of investments in major infrastructure such as ships, stations, airplanes, satellites, and other technologies that enable operations in such remote and hostile environments. Developing a community-wide view will frame future directions and emerging frontiers in a holistic and interconnected framework that informs science funding decisions.

The third primary Scan audience is the Antarctic Conservation Strategy (ACS) and Antarctic Environments Portal (AEP) projects. The Scan will not attempt to directly address policy makers but policy makers will be included as Scan participants. The Antarctic Conservation Strategy is a community-driven effort to define and address the need for scientific advice to inform policy/decision-makers about the scientific basis for addressing some of the most compelling environmental issues in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean in the next 10 to 20 years. It is attempting to develop a framework for ensuring that the best science and knowledge available is brought to the attention of policy makers in formats that are understandable and utilitarian. The Antarctic Conservation Strategy will apply the science that is identified by the Scan. The Antarctic Conservation Strategy will also illustrate the value of investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean science. Complementing the Scan and the ACS is the concept of an Antarctic Environments Portal which is developing a "one-stop shopping" website for policy-ready scientific advice led by New Zealand, SCAR, and COMNAP. Ensuring access to the latest and best scientific findings and knowledge is critically needed by the policy community. The Scan will focus on future directions in pure/basic science, the Antarctic Conservation Strategy will translate that science and knowledge into policy-ready formats, and the Portal will deliver that knowledge to the policy community.

There are a number of other potential audiences for outcomes of the Scan including:

  • Partner organizations with a polar focus or an interest in the Polar Regions – using outcomes to inform partners of new directions and identify opportunities for synergy and cooperation.
  • Academia/Teachers - producing teaching materials and informing educators about important Antarctic and Southern Ocean topics and why they are important.
  • Next generation scientists – highlighting future directions and exciting research opportunities for the next generation of scientists, engaging them directly in the process, and providing mentoring opportunities (also invited as Scan participants).
  • The Public – educating and informing by supplying high quality outputs to media outlets.
  • Non-governmental environmental and advocacy groups – informing and educating.

Customized outputs/products for these audiences will be developed after the Retreat as additional funds become available.


The SCAR 2011-2016 Strategic Plan called for instituting a "Horizon Scanning" activity to support SCAR's vision of leadership and international cooperation in Antarctic and Southern Ocean science and assist in achieving its mission of excellence in science and scientific advice to policy makers:

What Antarctic science is currently funded by National Antarctic Programmes?


The Scan is based on a proven, iterative approach to processing hundreds of scientific questions posed by the community through a series of methodical steps to arrive at a prioritized list of the most important and compelling scientific questions. This approach has been successfully used for a wide range of applications which have resulted in highly cited papers that have influenced national priorities for funding and action. There are key steps in the process relative to the core activity which is a physical gathering of experts (the "Retreat"). Pre-Retreat planning includes formation of a diverse and representative International Steering Committee, assembling foundational documents in a database, community-wide solicitations for nominees for Retreat participation and scientific questions, preliminary sorting of questions and recruitment of discussion leaders. At the Retreat the list of 100 most important questions will be embellished within an integrated, substantive narrative.

Horizon Scanning is gaining acceptance as a methodology to develop a collective view of future directions in an area of interest. A seminal paper that guided the development of the 1st SCAR Science Horizon Scan is the paper by Sutherland et al (2011) that analyzes several horizon scan activities and recommends best practice based on these experience. This paper is highly recommended as basic reading for all persons involved in this Horizon Scan:


Other examples of the use of Horizon Scanning:

The Retreat

Horizon Scan attendees web

A critical element of the Science Horizon Scan was the Retreat held in Queenstown, New Zealand from April 20 to 23, 2014, where the most important scientific questions were formulated and agreed. The Horizon Scan International Steering Committee (ISC) selected Retreat invitees from nearly 500 community-submitted nominations of highly qualified and deserving candidates. Primary considerations in selection were scientific excellence, leadership, and a broad perspective of Antarctic science. To reach a consensus, ISC members carefully reviewed the credentials of all nominees and selected those they believed should be invited to the Retreat via an online survey. Nominees were classified as experts in the GeoSciences; Life Sciences; Physical Sciences; and Social Sciences, Humanities and Policy, as defined by SCAR's portfolio of scientific activities, to ensure coverage of the breadth of Antarctic science. For further details on the voting process used to select retreat attendees, see the 9 October 2013 news announcement.

Scan Retreat attendees were representatives of their communities and were tasked with providing a broad perspective on their areas of expertise at the Retreat. Everyone was encouraged to contact attendees and make their opinions known and take advantage of opportunities to participate in the Horizon Scan (i.e. online question solicitations).

The 72 Retreat attendees were from 22 countries and included scientists, national programme directors/managers, policy-makers, decision-makers, early-careeer scientists and students.

Retreat Attendees

The Science Horizon Scan Retreat was held in Queenstown, New Zealand from 20 to 23 April 2014, where the most important scientific questions were be formulated and agreed. To reach a consensus, International Steering Committee members carefully reviewed the credentials of all nominees and selected those they believed should be invited to the Retreat via an online survey. For further details on the voting process used for selecting retreat attendees, see the news announcement. For the countries represented in the nominations for the Horizon Scan retreat, see the Demographics page.

The following is the final list:

Last Name

First Name



Abu Samah Azizan Malaysia meterorology/ atmopsheric science
Allison Ian Australia glaciology/climate science/IPCC
Ayton Jeff Australia human medicine and biology/behavioral science
Badhe Renuka UK marine ecology/SCAR
Baeseman Jenny Norway CliC/APECS/cryosphere
Barrett Peter New Zealand stratigraphy/sedimentology/paleoenviroments
Bell Robin USA tectonics/ice sheet dynamics/continetal dynamics
Bertler Nancy New Zealand paleoclimate/ice core science
Bo Sun China oceanography/glaciology
Brandt Angelika Germany deep-sea marine biology/systematics/biodiversity
Bromwich David USA atmospheric sciences
Cary Craig New Zealand terrestrial ecology/climate change
Cassano John USA climate/meteorology
Chown Steven Australia terrestrial ecology/conservation/policy/ACS
Clark Melody UK adaptations/physiology/genomics
Convey Pete UK paleoecologist, terrestrial ecologist
Costa Erli Brazil ECS/sea bird ecology
Cowan Don South Africa genomics/microbial ecology
DeConto Robert USA climate and ice sheet modeling
Dunbar Robert USA marine chemistry/climate/marine ecosystems
Elfring Chris USA policy/conservation/US National Academies
Escutia Carlota Spain paleoclimate/climate evolution
Francis Jane UK paleobotany/paleoclimate/past biodiversity
Fricker Helen USA glaciology/remote sensing/ice sheet dynamics
Fukuchi Mitsuo Japan marine ecology/fisheries/CCAMLR
Gilbert Neil New Zealand policy/conservation/ATS-CEP/AEP
Gutt Julian Germany marine ecology/biocomplexity
Havermans Charlotte Belgium ECS/Scan planning/phylogenetics/systematics
Hik David Canada Arctic ecology/IASC
Hosie Graham Australia marine ecology/phytoplankton ecology/CPR
Jones Christopher USA population dynamics of fish and fin fish/fisheries /CCAMLR
Kennicutt Mahlon USA chemical oceanography/human impacts/SCAR
Kim Yaedong South Korea geophysics/ deep time
Lee Sang Hoon South Korea microbial ecology/genomics
Leitchenkov German Russia marine geology/geophysics
LeMaho Yvon France ecophysiologist
Leppe Marcelo Chile paleobotany/Cretaceous biota evolution
Li Xichen USA student/climatemodeling/ocean-sea-ice modelling
Liggett Daniela New Zealand social sciences/environmental management/tourism
Lipenkov Vladimir Russia ice core science/subglacial environments
Lochte Karin Germany marine ecology/NAP
Lopez-Martinez Jeronimo Spain geology/geomorphology/permafrost/SCAR
Luedecke Cornelia Germany history of natural science
Lyons W Berry USA limnology/biogeochemistry
Marenssi Sergio Argentina geology
Massom Rob Australia sea-ice/polynya
Miller Heinrich Germany geophysics/glaciology/ice core science/COMNAP
Morozova Polina Russia ECS/climatology/meteorology
Naish Tim New Zealand paleoclimate/past ice sheets/IPCC
Nayak Shailesh India geology
Peck Lloyd UK marine ecology
Ravindra Rasik India policy/former NAP/ATCM
Retamales Jose Chile NAP/ATCM
Ricci Carlo Alberto Italy policy/geology/IUGS
Rintoul Steve Australia physical oceanography/global climate sysytem/IPCC
Rogan-Finnemore Michelle New Zealand COMNAP Executive Secretary/science in policy/law
Ropert-Coudert Yan France marine birds/physiology
Sanson Lou New Zealand policy/former NAP/comservation
Scambos Ted USA glaciology, remote sensing, geochemistry
Schloss Irene Argentina/Canada marine phytoplankton/physico-biological coupling
Shiraishi Kazuyuki Japan geology/tectonics/NAP
Siegert Martin UK glaciology/subglacial environments
Simoes Jefferson Brazil glaciology/paleoclimate
Sparrow Michael UK oceanography/SCAR Executive Director
Storey Bryan New Zealand geology/tectonics
Storey John Australia Astronomy/Astrophysics
Sutherland William UK ecology/conservation science/Horizon Scan/birds
Vaughan David UK Quaternary science
Wall Diana USA terrestrial ecology/soil biodiversity
Walsh Jessica UK student/Scan planning/ecology
Wilson Gary New Zealand paleo-coeanography/ paleoclimate/Director NZARI
Wilson Terry USA solid earth/SERCE/observatories/tectonics
Winther Jan-Gunnar Norway glaciology/Artic System Science
Xavier Jose Portugal marine ecology/marine mammals
Yang Huigen China space and atmospheric physics

Discussion Leaders/Teams in the Horizon Scan Retreat Sessions

Day 1



Discussion Leader (DL)

Supporting DL


M-1 Southern Ocean Physics,
Geology and Chemistry
Steve Rintoul (Australia) Robert Dunbar (USA) Mike Sparrow
M-2 Southern Ocean Life and
José Xavier (Portugal) Angelika Brandt (Germany) Jessica Walsh
M-3 The Solid Earth Terry Wilson (USA) Sergio Marenssi (Argentina) Chris Elfring
M-4 &
The Atmosphere, Near Earth Space and Beyond John Cassano (USA)
John Storey (Australia)
Azizan Samah (Malaysia)
Huigen Yang (China)
Renuka Badhe
Chris Elfring
M-5 Land Ice Ian Allison (Australia) Jefferson Simões (Brazil) Renuka Badhe
M-7 Biotic Responses to Change Julian Gutt (Germany) Christopher Jones (USA) Mike Sparrow
M-8 The Marine Biosphere and the
Physical Environment
Karin Lochte (Germany) Melody Clark (UK) Jessica Walsh
M-9 Humankind in Antarctica Daniela Liggett (New Zealand) Jeff Ayton (Australia) Renuka Badhe
M-10 The Past ‐ A Window to the Future Jane Francis (UK) Tim Naish (New Zealand) Jessica Walsh
M-11 Terrestrial Life and Ecology Steven Chown (Australia) Diana Wall (USA) Mike Sparrow


Day 2



Discussion Leader (DL)

Supporting DL

Supporting DL


T-1 The Southern Ocean
(M‐1, M‐2, M‐8)
Steve Rintoul (Australia) Karin Lochte (Germany) Robert Dunbar (USA) Mike Sparrow
T-2 Land Ice and Terrestrial Life
(M‐5, M‐11)
Steven Chown (Australia) Jefferson Simões (Brazil)

Renuka Badhe
T-3 Earth, Atmosphere and Space (M-3, M‐4, M‐6) John Cassano (USA)
Terry Wilson (USA)
John Storey (Australia) Huigen Yang (China) Jessica Walsh
T-4 Predicting Future Change
(M‐7, M‐9 M‐10)
Jane Francis (UK) Julian Gutt (Germany) Don Cowan (South Africa) Chris Elfring

Community-based Scientific Questions

An important decision in organizing the Antarctic and Southern Ocean Science Horizon Scan was grouping the scientific questions submitted by the community into a logical structure. More than 850 questions were submitted by the community and this database will be the starting point for discussion at the Horizon Scan Retreat in April 2104. The final structure of the question database is organized into eleven themes. Questions that could be logically addressed in more than one theme are repeated in the database for a total of nearly 1000 questions.


Theme Title

1   spreadsheet Southern Ocean Physics, Geology, and Chemistry (46 KB)
2   spreadsheet Southern Ocean Life and Ecology (47 KB)
3   spreadsheet The Solid Earth (40 KB)
4   spreadsheet Atmospheric Science (49 KB)
5   spreadsheet Land Ice (44 KB)
6   spreadsheet Near Earth Space and Beyond (33 KB)
7   spreadsheet Biotic Responses to Change (44 KB)
8   spreadsheet Marine Biosphere and the Physical Environment (40 KB)
9   spreadsheet Humankind (50 KB)
10   spreadsheet The Past - A Window on the Future (42 KB)
11   spreadsheet Terrestrial Life and Ecology (39 KB)
spreadsheet Complete database of sorted questions for download (263 KB)

Each question has been assigned a unique number (1st Solicitation: 1 to 999; 2nd solicitation: 1001-1999; additional questions from the Pre-Retreat Survey: 2001-2999) so that the question can be traced to the original database of unedited questions and viewed with its related keywords and descriptions.

Databases of raw, unedited questions submitted

For information about the two community-wide rounds of solicited questions, see the February 2014 News item.


Demographic spread of respondents submitting questions:

HS Demog Country Birth and Reside

HS Demog Career and Gender

HS Demog Keywords wide


Countries represented in nominations for the Horizon Scan Retreat:

HS Demog Retreat Nominees


The 1st Martha T. Muse Fellows Colloquium

22 April 2014 - Queenstown, New Zealand

"What will Antarctica and the Southern Ocean look like in 2065?"

Many forecasters and futurists tell us that in 2065:

  • the world's human population will be 8.5 billion,
  • atmospheric CO2 levels will exceed 650 ppm under a business-as-usual scenario,
  • the Arctic ocean will be ice free in August and September,
  • average global temperature will be 4°C warmer than in 2000,
  • ocean pH will be less than 8.2, and
  • sea level will be around 26 cm higher than in 1990.

What will these dramatic changes to Planet Earth mean for the world's last great wilderness and bellwether of global change – Antarctica and the Southern Ocean? To speculate about this future world and the ramifications for human societies, the "1st Martha T. Muse Colloquium" convened a panel of the Martha Muse Prize awardees and guests to address the topic "Beyond the Horizon – Antarctica and the Southern Ocean 2065" in Queenstown, New Zealand on Tuesday 22 April 2014. The Colloquium was part of the 1st SCAR Antarctic and Southern Ocean Science Horizon Scan that assembled around 80 of the world's leading Antarctic scientists, policymakers, and logistics science funders to develop a collective community view of the most timely, urgent and compelling scientific questions that need to be addressed in the next two decades.

The Colloquium panel included Martha T. Muse Prize Fellows Steven Chown (terrestrial ecologist and policy adviser), Monash University, Melbourne, Australia; Helen Fricker (glaciologist and satellite observational specialist), University of California, San Diego, USA; José Xavier (marine biologist ecologist and marine mammals expert), University of Coimbra and the British Antarctic Survey, Portugal/UK; Steve Rintoul (physical oceanographic modeller and observationalist), CSIRO, Australia; and Martin Siegert (glaciologist and geologist), Imperial College, London, UK. The Muse Fellows were joined on the panel by Neil Gilbert (policy adviser and Antarctic governance expert), Antarctica New Zealand, and Gary Wilson (marine geologist and geophysicist and paleoclimate expert), Director of the New Zealand Antarctic Research Institute (NZARI).

Video recordings of the Colloquium are available online through YouTube.

Attendee Information

Travel Information

Pre-Retreat Attendee Question Survey

Antarctic and Southern Ocean Science Horizon Scan – Outputs and Products

  • Publications (the International Steering Committee and/or a select subset will serve as an internal Editorial Board to ensure consistency in message)
    • News articles – interviews with the media and press releases – Timeframe: continual.
    • Apex article (short article according to journal format– may be as short as 1500 words): Science or Nature (a Senior Science Editor from Nature will be embedded in the Retreat). Broad audience, non-polar world – authorship to be determined. Timeframe: 2-3 weeks post-Retreat
    • Longer detailed paper - Antarctic journal (Antarctic Science has expressed interest) - authorship to be determined. Time frame: 3 to 4 months post-Retreat.
    • Discipline-based publication - discipline-oriented journal to be chosen by authors – focused on communicating those questions most relevant to their individual communities - authorship to be determined (to be reviewed internally for consistency). Timeframe: variable depending on commitment of lead authors.
    • Individuals or groups of individuals are encouraged to develop publications as they see fit and/or see a need for communicating outcomes (to be reviewed internally for consistency). Timeframe: to be determined by authors.

  • Presentations (as they are developed, PowerPoint presentations and other materials will be made widely available)
    • SCAR Open Science Conference – audience: the Antarctic community. Forums under negotiation; August 2014, Auckland.
    • Special Presentation to Funders of Antarctic Science (by invitation only) – audience: National Antarctic Program funders/managers - under discussion; August 2014, Auckland.
    • Regional Presentations – audiences: regional Antarctic communities - under discussion, subject to funding.
    • Invited presentations – as requested (polar organizations/institutions and/or organizations with a polar interest), the public, and other interested parties.
    • Presentations by Individuals/Groups – all retreat attendees are encouraged to present Horizon Scan results, as opportunities arise, to organizations, institutions, public audiences, etc. (presentation materials will be made readily available).

Reporting on Scientific Question Clusters – Topical Theme

  pdf An exemplar (48 KB) is provided for a fictitious cluster of scientific questions based on a scenario to illustrate one of the goals for the Retreat which is to produce a written summary of the final outcomes by the end of the Retreat. This is intended to guide thinking as the Retreat progresses, and particularly to encourage submission of written material in a common format to facilitate production of final Retreat documents. The goal is to submit the Apex Article soon after the Retreat concludes. The contents include a descriptive and informative title, brief summary (not to exceed 500 words), list of scientific questions, and brief discussions of technological challenges and extraordinary logistical requirements.


Dissemination activities included communicating outcomes to the community and producing a high profile article:

Publicity and News Releases

The following are media reports on the Nature article 'Polar Research: Six priorities for Antarctic Science' (6 August 2014):

Post-Retreat Products and Activities

Post-Retreat activities include communicating outcomes to the community and producing a high profile article in a journal. Other types of output will include: short summaries of key topics, prioritized lists of questions, a website, Scan resource databases, a final report, presentation materials, presentations at conferences and symposia, topical papers in journals, and submissions to Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meetings.

Journal Articles:

Scan Questions:


For more information, visit the Next Steps section of the Horizon Scan website.


The following are pdf versions of the official Horizon Scan presentation.  Access to the original Powerpoint versions may be requested from This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

Other presentations:

  • U.S. National Academies: May 2014, Washington, DC
  • NZARI/Antarctica New Zealand: June 2014, Christchurch, NZ
  • SCAR Biennial Meetings, Open Science Conference Special Event: August-September 2014, Auckland, NZ
  • UK SCAR National Committee: October 2014, London, UK
  • Polar Research Institute of China: October 2014, Shanghai and Beijing, China
  • IASC ICARP III Executive Committee: October 2014, Potsdam, Germany
  • National Polar Research Institute: TBA 2015, Tokyo, Japan
  • World-wide Regional Meetings: South America, Pacific Rim, Europe; TBA