Expert Group on Antarctic Biodiversity Informatics (EG-ABI)
The EG-ABI community organizes regular, hands-on meetings related to a range of projects and other matters of general interest.
The overarching goals of the RAATD project are to undertake a multi-species assessment of habitat use of Antarctic top predators in the Southern Ocean based on existing animal tracking data to identify Areas of Ecological Significance (AES), which are regions that are important for foraging to a range of predators and which have high diversity and abundance of lower trophic levels. The project will provide (i) a greater understanding of fundamental ecosystem processes in the Southern Ocean (ii) facilitate future projections of predator distributions under varying climate regimes and (iii) provide input into spatial management planning decisions for management authorities such as CCAMLR. The synopsis of multi-predator tracking data will also expose potential gaps of data coverage in regions or seasons that are important but under-represented, possibly as a result of spatial, temporal, or taxonomic biases in research effort. This will provide an important input for directing future studies.
Information related to diet and energy flow is fundamental to a diverse range of Antarctic and Southern Ocean biological and ecosystem studies. EG-ABI is collating a centralised database of such information to assist the scientific community in this work. It will include data related to diet and energy flow from conventional (e.g. gut content) and modern (e.g. molecular) studies, stable isotopes, fatty acids, and energetic content. It will be a product of the SCAR community and open for all to participate in and use.
Antarctic or Southern Ocean researchers holding such data, or interested in using such data in their work, are encouraged to make contact.
We are proposing to hold a workshop at the 2016 SCAR Open Science Conference to show the current state of the database, invite further data contributions, and solicit ideas on how these data could be used and what additional system functionality might be valuable.
Core working group:
A number of groups in the SCAR community are developing and applying methods for spatial biodiversity modelling, including species distribution and habitat selectivity models. Given the wide applicability and interest in these techniques, EG-ABI is working to improve collaboration within the community by helping with communication, access to software and data, and sharing of expertise.
Details about these activities will be added soon.
An online version of the printed Atlas: see Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean for more information.
mARS is an open information system dedicated to facilitate the discovery, access and analysis of geo-referenced, molecular microbial diversity (meta)data generated by Antarctic researchers. It encompasses all free-living and host-associated viruses, bacteria, archaea, and singled-celled eukaryotes. mARS is composed of interoperable modules, iteratively building the microbial component of the biodiversity.aq infrastructure. The mARS initiative brings innovative perspectives to Antarctic microbial biodiversity research and its applications. Once mARS reaches full operability it is envisioned that new research areas in both basic and applied areas will be significantly enabled. For example, biogeography, bioprospecting, environmental impact, species introductions, and climate change-related studies will be made possible using a data-driven approach accessible through mARS. Also, mARS will allow the consolidation of a new community within SCAR and new perspectives for collaboration within and beyond SCAR. There is also significant potential for expanding the model for genetic work carried out on all organisms, allowing integrated studies on Antarctic biodiversity. The last mARS workshop took place in Brussels, in May 2014, to initiate beta-testing mARS to take it to Step 3, as described in the vision document.
See the Microbial Antarctic Resource System page for more information.
The Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean was published in printed form in 2014. See http://atlas.biodiversity.aq/.