14 March 2017:
Chile built its first Antarctic base on Greenwich Island in 1947. Along with the UK’s Wordie House, this was one of the first bases to be built in Antarctica. As Chile was one of the 12 countries active in Antarctica during the International Geophysical Year (1957-58), it was therefore both a founder member of SCAR in 1958 and one of the original signatories of the Antarctic Treaty in 1959.
In Chile, Antarctic research is coordinated by the Chilean Antarctic Institute (INACH), which was created by the Chilean government in 1963. Chile is a member of COMNAP and has stations and shelters in various locations on the South Shetland Islands, Antarctic Peninsula, and in the Patriot Hills region of the Ellsworth Mountains.
The Chilean Antarctic Programme has grown substantially over the past few years and we are pleased to share with you several reports highlighting their activities from the 2015-2016 season.
As Dr. Jose Retamales Espinoza, Director of the Chilean Antarctic Institute, writes in the introduction to the ilaia, an annual publication which summarizes Chile’s 2016 activities:
“We see Antarctica from the depths of its waters to the brilliance of its skies. In the seas we observe the ties of coexistence linking marine sponges with other organisms. On the horizon we assess the role of the Antarctic continent in the global energy balance. In this issue of ILAIA we cover many of the concerns of the world-wide international scientific community.
From the forever-relevant question of the Origin of the Continent to the worrying possibility of humans introducing diseases that may affect Antarctic wildlife, from the looming arrival of climate change to the Southern Ocean, to studying the Antarctic in winter, this issue covers the growth of the Chilean Antarctic Science Program. […]
Our ship, the Karpuj, will become operational next summer, opening up a new world of possibilities for marine researchers. In addition, we are making great strides with the mega-project, the International Antarctic Center in Punta Arenas. For the two hubs already mentioned - science and logistics - we are adding another to focus on education and dissemination. In the coming months there will be an international call for the architectural design for the new center, and of course all are invited to participate.
The latest dynamic of our Antarctic program has allowed a rejuvenation of polar science, with more scientists added every year who will begin their careers with their sights set on the White Continent. To cover this point, the recent work of APECS-Chile is introduced by its directors in this issue of ILAIA. […]”
Read more about Chile’s National Antarctic Program at the links below:
National Report to SCAR - contains information on Chilean representatives to various SCAR groups, and a comprehensive list of the ongoing projects, contact persons, and summary of the activity.
Procien 2016 - Overview of Chilean Antarctic Science
- The State of the Antarctic Ecosystem
- Antarctic Thresholds: Ecosystem Resilience and Adaptation
- Antarctic Climate Change
- Physical and Earth Sciences
- Antarctic Microbiology and Molecular Biology
- Antarctic Environment
ilaia 2016 (No.3) - Advances in Chilean Antarctic Science
- Sponges and the Antarctic Ecosystem
- Birds and Pathogenic Bacteria
- Albedo and Global Climate
- Origin of the Antarctic Peninsula
- Science in Winter
- Marine Life and Global Warming
- Punta Arenas, World Capital for Antarctic Research
- List of 2015 Antarctic Science Publications (ISI)
- Chilean Antarctic Science Program 2016